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New Hampshire Grouse and Woodcock Hunting and Other Small Game

New Hampshire Grouse and Woodcock Hunting and Other Small Game

A woodcock hunter in New Hampshire with a bird dog.

New Hampshire is a sleeper state for world-class ruffed grouse and snowshoe hare hunting, as well as other small game opportunities.

There are some dog points that are seared into our memories, never to be forgotten, never to be repeated. Grim, my Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, locked up on point a mere twenty yards ahead of me on an overgrown tote road that was immediately adjacent to well-kept and truck-friendly logging road. I could see the large, mature grouse not five feet off his nose as he visibly shook with excitement. Just below, my friend and Regional Director of the Ruffed Grouse Society, Joe Levesque, stood guard with his double gun if the bird decided to break down the mountain.

The grouse held steady and, thankfully, so did my dog. As I stepped just a couple yards away from the grouse, it lifted its wings for a straight rise to the top of the young canopy. Time froze. It seemed as if the bird floated, rather than flying like a bat out of hell in true New England grouse fashion. I shouldered my side-by-side with my bead buried in a mass of brown, golden, and gray feathers. It was so close that I could not miss.

That is—if I shoot. But the excitement of the point and my personal obsession with the dog’s moment in time made the act of taking my safety off an afterthought that I could regret for the season. As I fumbled through my mistake, throwing my rhythm into disarray, a single shot rang out and the grouse crumpled to the ground.

A few moments later as I dropped to the main road, Grim popped out a few yards behind me with large ruffed grouse in his mouth. His butt was shaking from how vigorously he was wagging his tail as he made his way to Joe and me. The three of us were ecstatic and I remember looking at Joe to say, “You have no idea how grateful I am that you shot that bird.”

Although I am not a native of New Hampshire, it has been providing me with ruffed grouse and woodcock memories since my first days afield as a child. Today, despite a drastic decline in grouse numbers in southern parts of the state, the north is still a stronghold of world-class ruffed grouse hunting. Among other pursuits, you can find a very healthy culture of hounds tracking snowshoe hare throughout the state’s northern reaches.

Game Species*DatesDaily/Possession LimitsRestrictions
Ruffed GrouseOct 1 – Dec 31, 20204 Daily Limit
American WoodcockOct 1 – Nov 14, 20203/9
Pheasant (stocked)Oct 1 – Dec 31, 20202/10
SnipeSept 15 – Nov 14, 20208/24
Quail, Chukar, Huns (*not wild or stocked by state)Oct 1 – Dec 31, 20204 Daily Limit
Snowshoe HareOct 1, 2020 – March 31, 20212 Daily Limit3 Daily Limit in Zones A-G and J1
Cottontail RabbitOct 1, 2020 –
Jan 31, 2021
2 Daily LimitH2, K, L, M ONLY
Eastern Gray SquirrelSept 1,2020 – Jan 31, 20215 Daily Limit

New Hampshire COVID-19 Hunting Restrictions

There are no major changes to hunting-specific rules in the state of New Hampshire as a result of COVID-19. The spring turkey season marked the first year that online check-in was available in the state. For anyone living in the surrounding states (Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island), no self-quarantine is required. People from other states must self-quarantine for 14 days when coming into the state.

Latest New Hampshire COVID-19 Information: New Hampshire Safe at Home

Ruffed Grouse

Without a doubt, the ruffed grouse is the most popular of all the upland hunting species in New Hampshire. The northern parts of the state host active New England logging operations which provide phenomenal habitat for the ruffed grouse that has been relatively uninterrupted for the last 100 years. Overgrown, abandoned farms litter the southern part of the state, making for some great pocket covers; although the further south one goes, the less viable the populations.

The ruffed grouse season runs from October 1 to December 31 with a daily bag limit of 4 birds.

A wirehaired pointing griffon with a ruffed grouse in New Hampshire during the making of “First Season.”

American Woodcock

American woodcock is another phenomenal upland species to pursue in New Hampshire. Some parts of the state hold both residents and migratory birds. This makes for some of the best days of bird hunting in New Hampshire. For those in the southern parts of the state, migratory birds bring phenomenal and exciting hunting close to home; following the migration further down through New England is quite the easy experience.

The American woodcock is governed by federal law with a season that runs from October 1 through November 14. The daily bag limit is three birds and, like always, requires a free HIP number.

The Ring-necked Pheasant (Stocked)

Pheasant hunting is, without a doubt, a major American pastime. In New Hampshire, you will find stocking locations spread throughout the state. Although wild birds no longer exist (some credit this to harsh winters, but habitat loss is the largest culprit), there are many stocking sites that will give you an opportunity in the state; New Hampshire’s website for stocking locations lists 53 locations.

An additional hunting license of $31 is required for hunting pheasant in New Hampshire.

The ring-necked pheasant season runs from October 1 to December 31. The daily bag limit is two birds with a season limit of ten.

Rabbit Hunting in New Hampshire

The state of New Hampshire offers opportunities to hunt two separate species of rabbit: the cottontail and the snowshoe hare. Snowshoe hare has becoming increasingly popular in the north country with the recent growth in the overall hare population and is even a travel destination for many hardcore rabbit hunters. With plenty of overlap with the upland bird season, they make for great opportunistic targets (and meals) for those of us who do not discriminate against fur.

The above shaded areas are restricted for rabbit hunting in New Hampshire. Check here for the latest updates: https://www.wildlife.state.nh.us/hunting/small-game-cottontail.html

Squirrel Hunting in New Hampshire

Eastern gray squirrel populations are thriving in New Hampshire and the opportunities for a mixed bag are greatly increased with the addition of these treetop dwellers.

The statewide season runs from September 1, 2020 to January 31, 2021 with a daily limit of five. This is a great way to keep those versatile dogs working in any part of the state for a longer season. Despite what stigmas we may hold, they are also good to eat.

A hunter with a Eastern wild turkey jake taken in New Hampshire.

Turkey Hunting in New Hampshire

The Eastern wild turkey populations are very healthy in certain parts of New Hampshire. As of 2019, the use of shot sizes #2 and above “accommodates the use of modern, heavier-than-lead loads that utilize a blend of shot sizes.” One example of this is the Federal TSS loads. You can use a 10 gauge to a 20 gauge and archery with a minimum draw weight of 30 lbs.

2019 also brought the ability to shoot a second spring turkey in zones H1, H2, J2, K, L, or M (male only). New Hampshire also offers a fall turkey season for archery and shotgun, which allows the taking of either sex turkey. The 2020 COVID-19 crisis brought forward the first year of online check-in for wild turkey harvests.

For those of us that prefer dogs in everything we do, the fall turkey season in New Hampshire allows the use of hunting dogs to break up flocks. This is a great opportunity to expose those versatile and flushing breeds to a new game species.

Eastern Wild TurkeyDatesLimitRestrictions
Spring SeasonMay 1 – May 31, 20202Male/Bearded Only
Fall ArcherySept 15 – Dec 15, 20201 (If tag is left over from Spring)WMU A closes Dec 8, 2020
Fall ShotgunOct 12 – Oct 18, 20201 (If tag is left over from Spring)WMUs D2, G, H1, H2, I1, I2, J1, J2, K, L, M are the only units open.

For more detailed information of the laws and regulations for turkey hunting in New Hampshire check out the state website.

Other Bird Hunting New Hampshire Species

Although there are seasons for northern bobwhite quail, chukar, and Hungarian partridge, there are no naturally-occurring populations. You can often find them next to private preserves as a result of pen-raised releases for private bird hunting operations. The bag limits are governed by the same laws as ruffed grouse hunting. There is a daily limit of 4 birds, running from October 1 to December 31.

New Hampshire Hunting Licenses and Hunters Safety Course

The New Hampshire license structure is pretty simple and those traveling from out of state can go right to the small-game-only option without requiring a regular hunting license. For residents, $32 will get you out hunting grouse and woodcock throughout the state. There is a $2.50 wildlife habitat fee that all hunters must pay when buying a license.

LICENSE*ResidentNon-Resident
Hunting$32$113
Small Game Only$53
Small Game 3-Day$25
Pheasant $31$31
*These prices are subject to change and were last updated in August of 2021. For the most up to date fees check out: https://www.wildlife.state.nh.us/licensing/prices.html

The state of New Hampshire requires a hunters safety course certificate to purchase a hunting license. They also offer a Mentor License Program for one year in which you must hunt with a fully-licensed hunter. After the first year, the hunters safety certificate is required for a second year license purchase. The New Hampshire course can be completed partially online and followed up with a field day. To find out more, check out the New Hampshire Hunter Safety Course.

Project Upland Magazine Content from New Hampshire

If you go back to the very beginning of Project Upland Magazine, you will not have to go far to see the influence that the New Hampshire uplands had on the platform. The first-ever Project Upland film, Searching-A New England Bird Hunting Tale, was filmed in New Hampshire. Other films from the state include The Experience, Partridge Country, and Live for October.

As the founder of Project Upland, I would say this state fueled my imagination to help inspire the platform’s inception. The film First Season, which stands as our highest-watched film to-date, has a good portion inside the Granite state but also follows the woodcock migration to Connecticut. Most recently, the one-hour feature film collaboration with Backcountry Hunters and Anglers called #PublicGrouse had its last segment in New Hampshire.

Conservation and Non-Profit Organizations for New Hampshire Bird Hunting

North American Versatile Hunting Dog Association (NAVHDA)
Ruffed Grouse Society and American Woodcock Society

The bird hunting season dates, game bird species available, and other information is subject to change and may not be reflected in this article. Please visit the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department for the most up to date information on bird hunting in New Hampshire. 

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