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Learning How to Shoot Through Thick Ruffed Grouse and Woodcock Cover

Learning How to Shoot Through Thick Ruffed Grouse and Woodcock Cover

A hunter mounts his shotgun to shoot at a woodcock in thick cover

Ignoring the trees is easier said than done but a cornerstone to good wingshooting in thick cover

Like many grouse hunters out there, I often suffer from a shy trigger finger. Even last fall, I was walking along a wide open trail when I flushed a ruffed grouse in the young aspens alongside me. I could clearly see the grouse weaving its way through the trunks, but I thought I would wait until it entered the trail for a clean shot. Unfortunately by the time it did so, it was another 15 yards further away than it had been when I first spotted it. Caught up in the moment, I took a shot anyway and only winged it. Had it not been for a very lucky follow-up shot down the trail, I might have easily lost that bird.

In that humbling moment, some advice my father had told me as a kid echoed in my mind: “Take the first shot you get.”

Unfortunately, deciding which moment is your first ethical shot isn’t always a clear-cut decision. Grouse, like many other upland birds, are predictable only in their unpredictability. They will bob and weave and usually take the least hospitable route through the brush to avoid you. So that means you need to get comfortable with uncomfortable shots in both woodcock and ruffed grouse hunting.

Remember safety and ethics first

But first, please realize that safety and ethics are still critical here. If a bird flushes behind some thick spruce trees and you can only see the branches, you should pass on the shot. One, you have absolutely no idea where the bird is and the spruce boughs are just too dense to ethically pull the trigger. Two, you have no clue what’s beyond the trees. At best, you cleanly miss the bird and maim a spruce tree. At worst, you could shoot someone standing behind the trees that you had no clue was there. It’s not worth the risk.

But when a grouse flies behind some alder or dogwood limbs or even some aspen trees and you can still its outline or a glimpse of feathers, don’t wait for a clearing. This is true especially early in the season when the leaves are still up. It may never come. Shotguns are, after all, designed for this situation. After firing hundreds of size 8 pellets downrange, some are usually going to make their way through the branches and find their mark.

How to develop this shooting skill

The key is continuing to follow the bird’s flight path the whole time. Even if it passes behind some limbs, you should follow its movement and lead it appropriately. Sounds easy enough, right?

It’s usually not.

It all happens so fast that it’s hard to practice this skill consciously. The trick with this style of shooting is making a mental shift and putting yourself in these situations often. Start by visualizing the process as you’re walking along. If it’s at the forefront of your mind, you’re more likely to act it out when the time comes. Also, try pausing in an opening where you can swing your gun in any direction, particularly if it’s near a good grouse covert. If a grouse erupts from the understory, they will probably veer for the thickest cover they can find. Pay attention to how you react. Do you panic and try to pull off a shot before they get there or do you look for the next opening?

Historically, when I watched a grouse fly behind cover, I noticed myself giving up and glancing ahead to the next opening instead of following through and shooting. Rather than taking a reasonable shot through the brush, I waited for something that might never come. And more often than not, I went home empty-handed because of it.

Since the battle for the Stanley Cup is on right now, Wayne Gretzky once said, “You miss 100% of the shots you don’t take.” Turns out it’s as true with a shotgun and blaze orange vest as it is with a hockey stick and skates. You just need to learn to recognize the right shots.

View Comments (6)
  • My biggest problem with ruffs. As a relative rookie on ruffs, I have a hard time pulling the trigger. A product of South Dakota corn fields and grasslands, I’m accustomed to wide open shots. I get mildly chastised by my hard core ruff hunting buddies for not shooting and am amazed by the shots they make through walls of branches/trees/leaves. I am learning to not be “trigger shy”, but it is difficult when you seldom see the entire bird.

    • That’s a great point Steve – when you’re used to open fields, it can feel like you should never empty a shell in the grouse woods. It’s all about that mindset shift.

  • Your description in the first part of the article sounds like you shot the Grouse off the ground, “weaving between the stumps…”. Please tell me I read that wrongly. There is nothing more despicable than a Grouse Hunter who ground swats these majestic birds.

    • The line reads “trunks” not “stumps”. The article is written in regards to wingshooting Ruffed Grouse.

  • The second you see the bird pull the trigger . Reaction to sound and sight is paramount to Grouse shooting. You have to be fast before that bird gets behind something , then he is gone. Practice gun mount and if posable on a skeet range where you can mount and shoot at closer distance. You want to develop speed with your gun mount. I use 8.5 shot of 3/4 ounce in my 28 GA with skeet and ic all yr. here in MN. And of course having a good pointing dog gives you better odds. Any shot not taken is a miss.

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